Mylopotamos is the largest dependency of the Holy Monastery of Great Lavras. The tower and temple, in the name of Saint Megalomartira Evstathiou, were built by Saint Athanasios of Athoniti some time before 973 A.D.

Saint Athanasios, like the wise and far-sighted man he was, also cleared the surrounding area and planted vineyards and olive trees, building a winery and olive press from which the great monastery got its table wine, the communion wine for the Lord’s Service and also its oil.